Orhei este un oraş din Republica Moldova, centrul administrativ al raionului Orhei. Amplasat în partea centrală a republicii, pe malul rîului Răut, oraşul Orhei este situat la o distanţă de 46 km de Chișinău. Conform datelor recensăm]ntului din anul 2004, populaţia constituie 25641 locuitori. Primele menţiuni documentare ale Orheiului datează din ultima treime a secolului al XV-lea şi se referă la pîrcălabii cetăţii Orhei, situată la 18 km în aval pe cursul Răutului, loc cunoscut în prezent sub denumirea „Orheiul Vechi”.Read more
- 14 April 2011
Holidays and Customs
Moldavian holidays and customs are marked by the values inherited from our ancestors, which consolidate the Moldavian nation and contribute to its self-identity. National holidays are celebrated during one or several days, they have an established date of celebration or a date that changes from year to year. The Moldavian holidays are dedicated to divine creatures, people, animals, birds, plants, Earth etc. Traditional national holidays and customs are observed nowadays as well. It should be mentioned that the Moldavians enriched their lives with beautiful festivals and customs full of profound meaning throughout their century-long history.
The system of national holidays and customs is rather complex and includes traditions and ceremonies, believes and superstitions. This is the reason why scientists haven't created an uniform and integral classification in this sphere yet.
A Holiday is a day of celebration, established to honor or commemorate some significant events. Holidays are usually accompanied by folk feasts. Sometimes these days are proclaimed to be official holidays of the country. As are these that are dedicated to important historical events of Moldova: May, 9th – The Day of Victory, August, 27th – Independence Day, August, 31st – Day of Native Language.
Fortunately, there are quite a lot of national holidays in Moldova. They include both social and religious orthodox festivals, which are listed below.
The first holiday in the calendar is The New Year on 1st of January. Traditionally it is celebrated with family or with close friends. The New Year is followed by Christmas which is celebrated on 7-8th of January according to the tradition of the Moldavian Orthodox Church. The first spring holiday is Mărțișor on the 1st of March. On this day Moldavians give each other mărțișori as presents, which symbolize the beginning of spring and new life. The International Women's Day is also celebrated on the 8th of March. Great religious holidays are observed in March as well, but the date of celebration changes from year to year. Thus, Orthodox Easter takes place after the first Full Moon that follows the spring equinox. A week after Easter, orthodox believers commemorate Parental Day to pray for their dead relatives. Usually people come to their relatives' graves on this day. The International Labour Day (May, 1) is also a holiday in Moldova. Victory Day is celebrated on the 9th of May. As it was mentioned above, Independence Day is celebrated on the 27th of August and in several days afterwards the country celebrates the Day of the Native Language on 31st of August. Religious holidays play an important role in the holiday calendar. First of all they are holidays dedicated to Jesus the Christ (Christmas, Epiphany, Easter, Ascension Day, etc.) and days to pray to the saints (St. Basil's Day, St. George's Day, St. Constantine and Helen's Day, etc.). It's necessary to mention the Dedication Days in cities and villages as well, which are the days of saint church patrons. There's a tradition in our country to celebrate several types of Dedication (Patron Saint's) Days of the family, church, abbey and settlement.
The dearest to the spirit of our people are family celebrations: weddings, christenings and others. The most beautiful folk traditions, preserved till nowadays, are connected with this category of holidays.
Our customs are represented by various bright folk spectacles and events possessing deep religious sense and symbolizing the close connection of the human-being with nature, the surrounding world. This understanding of human's origin establish the so called unwritten rules of people's behavior, which are retold from generation to generation.
The Moldavians have special traditions of mutual help, for example, when building houses, digging and cleaning wells, preparing the dowry, you can always expect a hand of help.
From a general point of view, the Moldavian traditions combine the exciting aspect of ancient lore and the spectacular serenity of the ceremonies. That's why it is very important to realize the necessity to preserve our connection with the past, to defend and promote our century-old traditions and material heritage.
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